A) The Food Stamp program, now known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), was first established in 1964 as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s “War on Poverty” initiatives. The program was originally designed to provide food assistance to low-income families and individuals who were struggling to afford adequate nutrition. Over the years, the program has evolved and expanded, with changes in eligibility requirements, benefit levels, and other aspects of the program. Today, SNAP is administered by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and provides benefits to millions of Americans each year.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program formally known as Food Stamp traces its earliest origins back to the Food Stamp Plan, which began in 1939 to help needy families in the Depression Era. The modern program began as a pilot project in 1961 and was authorized as a permanent program in 1964.
Expansion of the program occurred most dramatically after 1974, when Congress required all states to offer food stamps to low-income households. The Food Stamp Act of 1977 made significant changes in program regulations, tightening eligibility requirements and administration, and removing the requirement that benefits be purchased by participants.